Master of the Magdalene, Triptych with the Madonna

Florence, circa 1265-95
Tempera on wood, gold ground. Central panel: 16 x 11⅛ in. (40.6 x 28.3 cm.).
Metropolitan Museum, accession 41-100-8, gift of George Blumenthal

In the central panel, Saints Paul and Peter stand left and right of the Madonna on her throne, and the Annunciation is pictured above. The top of the right panel presents Christ regnant in a mandorla. Below, the Passion sequence begins with the Last Supper and the Arrest of Jesus. The left panel continues the sequence, reading from bottom to top with the Flagellation, Jesus carrying the cross, and the Crucifixion.

In the Last Supper panel, Judas is identified by a dark halo and is about to dip his hand into the bowl mentioned in the gospels. In the Arrest panel, he is kissing Jesus.

The Crucifixion panel closely follows the iconography of Eastern icons. Jesus wears a small skirt. His pelvis twists to the right. The inscription above his head is the Greek IC XC, for Iesuous Christos. Mary and John stand pensively below the crossbar, and angels hover above it. In preparation for Jesus' welcome into Heaven, the angel on the left holds a cloth and the angel on the right a diadem. The cross is planted in a small mound with a skull referencing Mount Calvary. Some Eastern icons also have the city wall in the background, with windows and sometimes a few buildings as here.

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Read more about the Madonna and Child and the Annunciation.
Read more about Christ in Majesty
Read more about the Last Supper, the Arrest, Jesus' trials, the Way of the Cross, and the Crucifixion.

Photographed at the museum by Richard Stracke, shared under Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license.