St. Anastasia

Byzantine, late 14th century
Tempera on wood, 39 x 26 in. (99 x 66 cm.)
The Hermitage, St. Petersburg
Previously in the Russky Archeological Institute, Constantinople

In Orthodox iconography a hand cross signifies that the person portrayed is a martyr. According to Tradigo (287) the name Anastasia means "resurrection," which is symbolized by the green of her garment and by the phial of "the beneficent medicine of the Resurrection" medicine in her hand.

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Source: this page at Wikimedia Commons.