Sant'Apollinare Nuovo: Right Side of the Nave
6th century (Original mosaics ca. 504, Orthodox revisions ca. 561, some restorations done in mid-19th century)
Church of Sant'Apollinare Nuovo, Ravenna, Italy
This is the right wall of the nave. The three bands of mosaics correspond to those on the left wall.
The uppermost band (partly shown here) presents Christ's passion. The middle band features various prophets, evangelists, and other saints. Below these is a procession of 26 male martyrs from the city of Ravenna toward the throne of Christ (at the left in this photo).
The church was built as an Arian cathedral by Theodoric the Great in 504. But Ravenna was subsequently conquered by the Orthodox Byzantines, and in 561 the church was rededicated tor Orthodox worship. At about that time the original mosaics were revised. Scholars assume that the revisions were made to remove anything suggesting Arianism and to emphasize Orthodox beliefs.1
Scenes from the Passion:
Photographed at the church by Richard Stracke, shared under Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license.
1 Deliyannis 153 et pass.