Illumination with Scenes from Scripture
France, 2nd half of the 13th century
Bern Burgerbibliothek, codex 27, folio 2r
The larger images at the bottom show God's confrontation with Adam and Eve after their sin and the angel with the flaming sword escorting them from Eden. In their right hand the first parents hold a hoe and a distaff, emblems of the labor to which God has condemned them.
Moses stands in the left middle circle holding the tablets of the Law. Two white horns emerge from his head. The other figures in the middle circles are hard to identify, but the one with the scroll is most likely a prophet pointing to his prophecy of the Nativity, which is pictured directly above.
The Nativity scene, like most of the others, is highly conventional. The ox and ass put their muzzles into the manger, where Mary has placed the Christ Child. Joseph has his right hand to his cheek as usual.
Left of the Nativity is another person believed to have prophesied it, King David with his harp. And left of him is an Annunciation that because of the small size lacks the architectural separation usually placed between Mary and the angel.
Read more about images of the Annunciation and the Nativity.
Read more about images of King David, Moses, and Adam and Eve.