Vermeer
Christ in the House of Martha and Mary

1654-55 (?)
Oil on canvas, 160 x 142 cm.
National Gallery of Scotland, Edinburgh

This is the episode in Luke 10:38-42 where Jesus explains that Martha's sister Mary "hath chosen the better part."

Both the dating and the attribution of this painting have been questioned.

Read more about images of St. Martha.
Read more about images of St. Mary Magdalene.

Source: Wikimedia Commons