Saint Sabas: The Iconography

In Judea, St. Sabbas the Abbot. He was born in the town of Mutala in Cappadocia and was renowned for his exemplary sanctity. He labored for the catholic faith against those who opposed the holy Synod of Chalcedon. He went to rest in peace in the monastery in the diocese of Jerusalem that was later named after him. – Roman Martyrology for December 5

St. Sabas founded a monastery near Jerusalem and was its abbot (Butler, 494-97). In portraits he wears a black hood and has a long, white, bifurcated beard. The length and color of the beard may be allude to his name, which means "old man" in Aramaic.

His left hand holds a book in the first of the images at right and a scroll in the second. These may refer to his authorship of a monastic rule for church services called the Jerusalem Typikon.1

Prepared in 2015 by Richard Stracke, Emeritus Professor of English, Augusta University

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Detail from an altarpiece by Paolo Veneziano, 14th century (See description page)


Icon with SS. Stephen and Simeon (See description page)


Narrative image: Having prayed for water for his monastery, the saint sees a wild ass pawing the ground. Digging there, he finds a spring. (See Butler, IV, 495.)

DATES

  • Feast day: December 5
  • Died 532

NAMES

  • His name is often rendered as "Saba" or "Sabbas" with a double b.
  • In the eastern churches sometimes referred to as "Sabbas the Sanctified"

NOTES

1 See Saint Sabbas the Sanctified Orthodox Monastery.