Giotto, Christ Among the Doctors

Scrovegni Chapel, Padua, Italy

Except for placing Jesus' chair on the same level as the others, this is the traditional arrangement, with the boy in the center, the bearded scholars ranged to his left and right, and the parents entering from the left. The setting is pictured as if it were the nave of a church, with the participants seated before an abbreviated screen separating them from the sanctuary. Later images will press the scene farther back into the apse, where the sacrifice of the Mass would take place.

More of the boy Jesus in the Temple

Source: Web Gallery of Art via Wikimedia Commons