Guercino (Giovanni Francesco Barbieri)
The Martyrdom of St. Barnabas

Before 1643
Ink on paper, 12 x 7.8 in. (30.5 x 19.7 cm.)
National Museum in Warsaw

Above, the angel on the right engages the gaze of St. Barnabas while pointing heavenward; the angel on the left holds in readiness the palm branch signifying martyrdom. Below, as the Golden Legend has it, the Jews of the city of Salome "…bound a cord about his neck, and drew him out of the city, and there anon burnt him."

Interestingly, the artist has done nothing to indicate that the executioners are Jewish. Instead, the middle register is populated by one old man who seems to be a Saracen and a number of men dressed as Roman soldiers.

More of St. Barnabas

Source: Wikimedia Commons