Peter Paul Rubens, The Great Last Judgment
Alte Pinakothek, Munich, Germany
More than most other versions, this image presents the Last Judgment as Christ's victory over sin and death, which are represented at the bottom by dark hell on the right and souls emerging from dark sarcophagi on the left. Above, Christ is seen as the source of all light below, both the brilliant light that bathes the rising souls on the left and the dimmer illumination that reveals the truth about sin on the right. To a lesser extent he illuminates Mary, St. Peter, and Moses, who stand in the foreground; but for the most part Heaven is illumined by the entire Trinity (Christ plus the Father and Holy Spirit directly above him, figures nearly invisible in the brilliance of the light they produce).
To further underline this theme, Rubens gives the judging Christ the same gesture and radiance as in Renaissance images of the Resurrection, which drew on classical models and posed Christ with right hand raised like a victorious Emperor.
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Photographed at the museum by Richard Stracke, shared under Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license.