Lucas Cranach the Elder
The Martyrdom of St. Barbara

Oil on wood.
Metropolitan Museum of Art, Rogers Fund, 57.22.

Cranach places the tower with three windows in the background, to the left of the fortified city.

The painting may be drawing on a source other than Caxton's, who makes Barbara's father "a rich man," not a military officer.

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Photographed at the museum by Richard Stracke, shared under Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license.